32;MARCH 2016 |
faster the insulin response.
So if you have horses that are
extruded or pelleted feeds are
actually creating a larger insulin
response. The other downside
with extruded feeds is that
people tend to underfeed them
since they’re much less dense.
Textured feed will freeze into a
block in cold climates during the
winter, and draw a lot of flies in
hot, humid climates. So although
there are some pros and cons
between them nutritionally, at the
end of the day it really comes down
to your management choice.
Q:What can I feed my horses to supplement or replace
hay during a hay shortage?
Eric Haydt: Horses need two
basic things to live: fiber and
water. Pelleted hay, hay cubes,
In the feed industry we talk
about “complete feeds” and
“concentrates.” A complete
feed doesn’t mean it has all the
vitamins and minerals necessary,
it just means there’s enough fiber
that you don’t need to feed hay
or pasture. A high-fiber feed is
generally considered anything
15% fiber or more.
All senior feeds, for instance,
would be complete feeds. You
might use these for an older horse
whose teeth are worn down, or
in a drought where pastures die
and there’s limited hay. (The true
definition of a senior horse is when
he can no longer maintain his
weight on a hay and grain diet.)
Senior feeds are relatively
higher in protein, lower in
carbohydrates and higher in fiber
compared to concentrate feed.
Expert: Rob McCoy, Vice President
of Nutrition, Manna Pro
Q:My horse is too thin. What’s the best feeding
program for getting him to
To increase body condition,
thin horses need to take in more
calories (or burn fewer calories).
A great way to increase caloric
intake is to add some fat to
the diet. This can be achieved
by selecting a grain mix that
Adding a fat supplement
such as vegetable oil will
boost calorie content.